亚博yb(Management)

亚博yb研究提供組織行為和人力資源管理方面的堅實基礎,包含勞資關係、談判、衝突解決、薪酬制度和組織發展方面。

優譯堂亚博atus在亚博yb領域具有深厚的專業知識,擁有亚博yb和相關學科,如品牌管理、專案管理、知識管理、行政管理等相關學科的學科專業翻譯師、雙語校對以及英語母語學科專家編輯,且已翻譯了大量此領域相關的論文,並協助諸多學術作者成功在國際知名SCI/EI/SSCI期刊上發表高水準論文。

  • 原始文稿
  • 翻譯後的檔案
  • 雙語核對後的檔案
  • 編修後的檔案
  • 完稿

零售業預計將在未來五年內實現最高增長。該行業正在迅速轉型,目前的競爭者和新進入者正準備開拓市場。由於消費者需求和房地產供應迅速增長,有組織的零售業預期將會顯著增長。

由於媒體覆蓋範圍的擴大、充裕的可支配收入、以及玲瑯滿目的品牌和服務,消費者只尋求最佳產品的意識越來越強。因此,品牌和零售商必須進一步擴展,以便為消費者提供價格、產品差異化、體驗和服務的最佳組合。

目前印度有約200 家新購物中心、1400 家超市和 400 家百貨公司正在建設中。許多零售商已經做出了巨大的投資,據預測,到 2012 年,該行業將達到 5000—7000 億美元。

在未來幾年,印度將見證許多零售企業隨著業界的成長而獲得臨界質量,這是由於高品質房地產的可用性、改善商場管理實務,以及消費者對新環境下購物的偏好。

未來顧慮:

  • 購物中心的同質化。這可以通過查看專業化來解決。
  • 庫存營業額小,庫存可用性使零售商加強其業務非常重要。
  • 零售商和供應商的運作沒有整合和協調。汽車行業使用的有效實踐可以實施有效的供應鏈管理。
  • 在交貨時間表和準確的數量交付方面缺乏供應商責任。
  • 銷售稅法:零售商面臨國家級的採購和儲存稅,這導致他們保持較高的庫存。增值稅使得這種情況有所緩解。
  • 供應鏈和客戶關係,採購,設施管理和供應商開發的主要差距。主動式訓練對於解決這些領域和其他領域至關重要。

翻譯: 您學科領域的翻譯師翻譯您的原稿

The retail sector is projected to show the highest growth in the next five years. The sector is rapidly transforming, with the current players and new-entrants preparing to explore the market. Momentous growth is expected in the organized retail sector due to the rapidly increasing consumer demand and the availability of real estate.

Moreover, thanks to the increase in the reach of media, high disposable income and availability of variety of brands and services, consumers have become more aware and are seeking only the best.
As a result, both brands and their retailers need to expand further in order to provide the right combination of price, product differentiation, experience, and service to consumers.

There are about 200 new malls, 1400 supermarkets, and 400 departmental stores currently under construction in India. Many retailers have made huge investments. Most forecasters say that this sector will reach US$ 500-700 billion by 2012

Over next few years, India will witness many retail businesses gaining critical mass with growth in the industry, driven by the major aspects such as availability of quality real estate, improved mall-management practices and consumers’ bias for shopping in new environments.

Future Concerns:
▪ Mall homogeneity. This can be possibly countered by looking at specialization;
▪ Small inventory turnovers and stock availability make it important for the retailers to enhance their operations.
▪ No integration and coordination in operations of retailers and suppliers. Efficient practices followed in the auto industry can be implemented for efficient supply-chain management.
▪ Lack of supplier responsibility, in terms of delivery schedules and delivering the accurate quantity ordered.
▪ Sales tax laws. Retailers face state level procurement and storage taxes, which lead them to keep higher inventories. VAT has eased this a bit.
▪ Major gaps in areas of supply chain and customer relations, merchandising, facilities management, vendor development: Proactive training is essential for addressing these and other areas.

雙語核對:雙語核對師依照原文檢查譯文是否正確,並修正錯誤

The Rretailsector thatis sure projected to show thehighest growth in the coming next 1five years. Thesector is rapidly transforming , with the current2 players andnew-entrants preparinge to explore themarket. Momentous gGrowth are is expectedin the organized retail sector; due to the rapidly increasing consumer demand and the availability of real estate.

Moreover,thanks to the increase in the reach of media, high disposable income and availability of variety of brands and services, consumers have become more aware and are seeking only    the best.

As a result,both brands and their retailers need to expand further in order to provide theright combination of price, product differentiation, experience, and service toconsumers.

There are about 200 new malls, 1400 supermarkets, & and 400 departmentalstorescurrently under construction in India3. Many retailers are approachingwithhave made huge investments. Most forecasterssay that this sector shall touch towill reach US$500-700 billion by the year of 42012

Over next fewyears,India will witness many retail businesses gaining critical mass as with growthin the industry expedites, driven by the major aspects such as availability of quality real estate, improved mall-managementpractices and consumers preference bias 5forshopping in new environments.

Future Concerns:

No difference among the mallsMall homogeneity6. This can be possibly countered by looking at specialization;

Little Small inventoryturnoversand stock availability measures, which 7make it important forthe retailers to enhance their operations.

Nointegration and coordination in operations of retailers and suppliers.:Efficient practices followed in the auto and auto-component industries industry can be implemented for efficient supply-chain management.;

Lack of supplier responsibility, in terms of delivery schedules and delivering the accurate quantity ordered.;

Ssalestax laws.  :Rretailershave face statelevel procurement and storage taxes8, which leads them toretailer shavingkeep higher inventories. VAT has brought slight eased this a bit.

Major gaps in areas of supply chain and customer relations, merchandising, facilities management, vendor development: Proactive training is essential for addressing these and other areas.

  1. [用字遣詞] [語言]
    替換詞彙以改善可讀性。
  2. [錯字] [風格/特別指示]
    糾正錯字。
  3. [誤譯]
    根據原文增加不足的資訊。
  4. [文意清晰與否 & 可讀性] [語言] [精準性]
    重塑詞句來更佳地傳達原旨。
  5. [用字遣詞] [語言]
    這裡應該用Bias。
  6. [術語選擇] [學科專家]
    為呈現原文所指稱的現象修改用詞。
  7. [學科專家] [精準性]
    為呈現原文要旨修改用詞。
  8. [加強印象] [誤譯]
    為正確呈現原意修正用詞。

編修:英文母語編修師改善文章整體的流暢度與呈現方式

The Rretailsector is rapidly transforming and that is sure projected 1toshow display the its highest growth in the coming next five years. The sector is rapidly transforming , with Thus, the current2 players andnew-entrants are preparinge for the upcoming toexplore the market. Mmomentousmarket gGrowth are is that will result from expectedin the organized retail sector; due to the rapidly increasing consumer demand and the availability of real estate.3

Moreover, thanks Owingto the increased in the reach ofmedia, the abundance of high disposable income, and availability ofa variety of brands and services, consumershave become more ambitious and are seeking only    4the best.

As a resultThus,both brands and their retailers need tomust expandgrow and evolve 5further in order to provide the right combinations of price, product differentiation, experience, and service to consumers.

There are about approximately 200 new malls, 1400 supermarkets, & and 400 departmentalstorescurrently under construction6 in India. Many retailers are approaching withhave made huge investments, and. Most forecasters saystate that thisthe sector shall touch towill reachUSD$ 7500-700 billion by the year of 82012.

Over the next few years, India will witness many retail businesses gainingreach critical mass as with their growth in the industry expedites, driven bythe major aspects such as the availability of quality real estate, improved mall-management practices and consumers preference bias 9for shopping in new environments.

FutureConcerns:

No difference among the mallsMall homogeneity10. This can be possibly couldbe countered by looking at with specialization;

Little Small inventoryturnoversand stock availability measures, which 11make it important forthe retailers to enhance their operations.

No integration and coordination in operations of retailers and suppliers operations12.:Efficient practices followed in used by the auto and auto-component industries industry can couldbe leveraged implementedfor efficient supply-chain management.;

Lack of supplier responsibility,13 in terms of delivery schedules and delivering the accurate quantity deliveryordered.;

Ssalestax laws.  :Rretailershave face state level procurement and storage taxes14, which leads them toretailer shavingkeepmaintain15 higher inventories. VAT has brought slight eased this a bit.

Major gaps in areas of supply chain andcustomer relations, merchandising, facilities management, and vendor development: Proactive training isessential for addressing these and other areas.

  1. [用字遣詞] [語言]
    替換詞彙以改善可讀性。
  2. [錯字] [風格/特別指示]
    糾正錯字。
  3. [文脈 & 流暢性] [語言]
    重塑這個部分以提升可讀性、一致性改善流暢度。
  4. [可讀性 & 文意清晰與否] [語言]
    為可讀性讓文字更精鍊。
  5. [用字遣詞] [語言]
    重塑詞句改善用詞,以更符合學術寫作的風格及語言。
  6. [誤譯]
    根據原文增加不足的資訊。
  7. [風格/特別指示]
    這裡的連接號(en dash)應該用於限定範圍,為改善風格與可讀性這裡加入USD。
  8. [文意清晰與否 & 可讀性] [語言] [精準性]
    重塑詞句來更佳地傳達原旨。
  9. [用字遣詞] [語言]
    這裡應該用Bias。
  10. [術語選擇] [學科專家]
    為呈現原文所指稱的現象修改用詞。
  11. [學科專家] [精準性]
    為呈現原文要旨修改用詞。
  12. [用字遣詞][語言]
    修正以表達得更好。
  13. [標點符號]
    去掉不必要的逗號。
  14. [加強印象] [誤譯]
    為正確呈現原意修正用詞。
  15. [用字遣詞] [語言]
    改善用詞。

完稿:翻譯完成品準時遞交給客戶

The retail sector is rapidly transforming and is projected to display its highest growth in the next five years. Thus, the current players and new entrants are preparing for the upcoming momentous market growth that will result from rapidly increasing consumer demand and the availability of real estate.

Owing to the increased reach of media, the abundance of disposable income, and a variety of brands and services, consumers have become more ambitious and seek only the best.
Thus, both brands and their retailers must grow and evolve to provide the right combinations of price, product differentiation, experience, and service to consumers.

There are approximately 200 new malls, 1400 supermarkets, and 400 departmental stores currently under construction in India. Many retailers have made huge investments, and forecasters state that the sector will reach USD 500–700 billion by 2012

Over the next few years, India will witness many retail businesses reach critical mass with their growth in the industry, driven by the availability of quality real estate, improved mall-management practices, and consumers’ bias for shopping in new environments.

Future Concerns:
▪ Mall homogeneity. This could be countered with specialization;
▪ Small inventory turnovers and stock availability make it important for the retailers to enhance operations.
▪ No integration and coordination in retailer and supplier operations. Efficient practices used by the auto industry could be leveraged for efficient supply-chain management.
▪ Lack of supplier responsibility in terms of delivery schedules and accurate quantity delivery.
▪ Sales tax laws: Retailers face state-level procurement and storage taxes, which lead them to maintain higher inventories. VAT has eased this a bit.
▪ Major gaps in supply chain and customer relations, merchandising, facilities management, and vendor development: Proactive training is essential for addressing these and other areas.